What is CO2 (Carbon Dioxide)?
Carbon dioxide (also known as carbon dioxide or more properly carbon dioxide) is an acid oxide (anhydride) formed by a carbon atom bound to two oxygen atoms. It is a fundamental substance in the vital processes of plants and animals. It is considered to be one of the major greenhouse gases in the Earth’s atmosphere. It is essential for life and for photosynthesis of plants, but it is also responsible for increasing the greenhouse effect.
Below are the answers to these questions!
What are the effects of CO2 in the atmosphere?
What are the effects of CO2 in the Oceans?
How to capture and sequester CO2?
What are the damage caused by deforestation?
How much CO2 absorbs a tree?
How much CO2 produces an individual
The amount of total carbon dioxide released in the atmosphere from human activities is 27 billion tons per year: 50,000 tons per minute.
The atmospheric concentration of carbon dioxide before the industrial revolution was 280 ppm. It has risen by 35% since the time of the industrial revolution and 20% since 1958. Combustion of fossil fuels (coal, oil) would be the first cause of this increase by 64%, while deforestation would be the second with 34% .
If the emissions will not be reduced according to the agreements, the threshold level set to Kyoto will be exceeded in about 2030. According to the most up-to-date climatological models, exceeding this threshold would cause the average soil temperature to rise by two degrees and the sea level to rise to at least one meter by 204
By increasing the concentration of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, the amount of hydrocarbon ions present in marine waters increases as a result of lowering the pH, a phenomenon known as the acidification of the oceans. It is believed that temperature and acidity increases are the origin of dead coral reefs observed in recent years in many tropical areas of the planet.
The main method to dispose of enormous amounts of carbon dioxide is the chlorophylline photosynthesis of the plants: this process involves light, carbon dioxide and water, transforming them into oxygen and glucose; it consists in planting and / or preserving forest for deforestation and fire. It is also part of the measures that can be adopted under the Kyoto Protocol to meet the constraints on CO2 emissions by each country.
The adverse effects of deforestation are numerous and include:
- Biodiversity in loss
- Reduction of solar irradiation, absorption of carbon dioxide and oxygen release
- Greenhouse effect
- Desertification in dry areas
- Erosion, landslides and landslides in the rainy and hilly areas
- Pollution of aquatic ecosystems
- Subtraction of resources for indigenous peoples
- Climate and hydrogeological imbalances
By planting new trees and contributing to the reduction of deforestation, we provide the planet with instruments to adjust the imbalances due to industrialization and living habits The tree absorbs CO2 and returns oxygen to the planet.
Whole forests have been destroyed, animal species have disappeared, local populations no longer subsist, poverty stirs, and the great contribution to reducing the greenhouse gas provided by the trees is drastically reducing.
Reforesting means stripping this trend and improving the life of living beings
Each tree has its own specific CO2 absorption capacity that depends on the species, its location and its life.
Several scientific studies have provided uneven data and for this reason the UN (United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change -UNFCCC) has established that on average a tree is capable of absorbing 10 kg / year of CO2 SeDiciAlberi chose to adhere to the UN convention by establishing that CO2 / Year absorption per tree, a total of 10kg